Haidian District: Tradition Meets Innovation2015-12-19 13:41:41Share:
Haidian District (simplified Chinese: 海淀区; traditional Chinese: 海淀區) is a district of the municipality of Beijing. It lies towards the northwestern part of the urban core.
It is 431 square km in area, making it the second-largest district in urban Beijing (after Chaoyang), and is home to 2,240,124 inhabitants (2000 Census); however, in comparison to other districts, a higher percentage of its inhabitants do not have the governmental residential certificates for long-term residence, because Haidian District is where most universities are located and therefore many of its inhabitants are college students.
Haidian was originally a village outside of Beijing's Inner City. It was first built in the Yuan Dynasty and became one of the eight major business areas of the capital during the Qing Dynasty and was the seat of such old shops as Lotus White, Quanjude and Hongbin House. The famed Old Summer Palace and Summer Palace, two grand imperial gardens are also among its reputed features. It became a university district after the building of the Tsinghua University and Peking University campus in the early twentieth century. It is mentioned in Lao She's novel Camel Xiangzi as an academic village for students.
After the foundation of the People's Republic, it was deliberately developed as a university area, with many of the Yan'an institutions moving there. It officially became an administrative district in June 1954. Since the reform and opening up, it has become the centre of China's IT industry. In the words of Time magazine:
“Like Paris' Champs Elysées or New York's Broadway, Haidian is a celebration of a national myth: China's ability to change itself and become, once again, great among nations.”
With its beautiful mountains and clear waters, it becomes one of the most famous nature scenic spot in China. The Imperial Garden is a testimony to the luxurious lifestyle of the feudal emperor. It also represents an apex in the development of Chinese landscape gardening in terms of scale, layout, craftsmanship and artistic elegance. Its main configuration consists of the Kunming Lake and Longevity Hill.
During the later half of the 1990s, out of the Beijing districts, Haidian had the highest per capita GDP. During that period the GDP of Haidian District grew by double digits each year.
A central part of Haidian's economy, the Zhongguancun electronics district, hosts the Beijing offices of many software and computer-technology companies.
Baidu has its headquarters in the Baidu Campus.
Sohu has its headquarters in the Sohu.com Internet Plaza.
Sinosteel's headquarters are in the Sinosteel Plaza (simplified Chinese: 中钢国际广场; traditional Chinese: 中鋼國際廣場; pinyin:Zhōnggāng Guójì Guǎngchǎng) in Haidian District.
Youku has its headquarters on the fifth floor of Sinosteel Plaza.
Wumart has its headquarters in the Wumart Commercial Building (simplified Chinese: 物美商业大厦; traditional Chinese: 物美商業大廈;pinyin: Wù Měi Shāngyè Dàshà) in Haidian District.
aigo's head office is in the Ideal Plaza (simplified Chinese: 理想国际大厦; traditional Chinese: 理想國際大廈; pinyin: Lǐxiǎng Guójì Dàshà) in the Haidian District.
China Postal Airlines has its headquarters on the 11th through 14th floors of the Ziyu Office Building (simplified Chinese: 紫玉写字楼; traditional Chinese: 紫玉 寫字樓; pinyin: Zǐyù Xiězìlóu) in Haidian District.
The Beijing Civil Aircraft Technology Research Center of COMAC (北京民用飞机技术研究中心) has its offices on the 8th floor of the Beijing Olympic Building (S: 北京奥运大厦, T: 北京奧運大廈, P: Běijīng Àoyùn Dàshà) in Haidian District.
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