The Summer Palace, Best-preserved Imperial Garden in the World2016-03-22 10:44:30Share:
The Summer Palace, an ancient imperial garden of Beijing, is located in Haidian district. Covering a total area of about 290 hectares, it is formed mainly by Kunming Lake and Longevity Hill.
Formerly named Qingyi Garden, the Summer Palace is one of the most famous scenic spot in China. 15 kilometers away from the city area, the Summer Palace, with a total area of about 290 hectares, is located in Haidian district and adjacent to Yuanmingyuan Park. Based on the layout of Hangzhou’s west lake and derived the design methods of the Southern China’s style, the summer palace, praised as a “royal garden museum”, is a large landscape garden and the best-preserved imperial garden which still in existence today in the world.
In Qianlong fifteen years, to honor his mother, Empress Xiaoshen, Emperor Qianlong put in 4.48 million silvers to reconstruct Qingyi Garden, and thus formed a 20 kilometers’ imperial garden area from Tsinghua Park to Fragrant Hills. Qingyi Garden was burned down by Anglo-French Allied Forces in Xianfeng decade and rebuild in Guangxu 14 years. From then on, it was renamed as the Summer Palace and became a summer resort and entertainment place.
In Guangxu 26 years, the Summer Palace was ruined again by the allied forces of eight powers, with all treasures were sacked, and It was further destructed after the end of the Qing dynasty.
On March 4, 1961, the Summer Palace, together with Chengde summer resort, the Humble Administrator's garden, and Liu garden, were announced as the first batch of national key cultural relic protection units at the same time. These four spots were also named as China's four famous gardens. The Summer Palace was listed in the "world heritage" In November 1998 and formally approved for the state 5 A-Class tourist scenic spot On May 8, 2007. In 2009, the summer palace was selected as the largest imperial gardens in China by the Chinese association of world record.
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