The Rise and Fall of the Qing Dynasty2016-06-12 15:09:00Share:
It is a true principle that each dynasty has its rise and decline time, and the Qing dynasty has no exception.
Qing dynasty flag
The earlier concept of the Manchurian monarchs about different nations in the world shows that they didn't have any sense of superiority complex. Conversely, they know the importance of learning from others.
In order to expand their territory and power, the royal family of Manchu intermarried heavily with Mongolian nobles. According to historical accounts, nearly all the emperors' spouses were from Mongolia.
So, the royal family was tightly interwoven with Mongolian rulers in blood. However, there was a ban among them to intermarriage with the Han people, as the Manchurian emperor worried that they might be completely assimilated by the Han people under the intermarriage due to its large population.
The reign of the Qing Dynasty in China was actually the joint sovereignty of Manchurians and Mongols. Thanks to the Genghis Khan conquest of the vast area in mid-Asia, Mongols were the rulers of today's Xinjiang, Qinghai, Ningxia and even Tibet at the time when Manchurians rose.
Accordingly, Manchurians had great advantage in conquering these places and consolidating their jurisdiction there. This is maybe the fundamental reason why the Qing Dynasty finally expanded into such a vast empire and became strong so soon.
However, as time goes by, the later emperors were slowly and completely assimilated by the Han people especially in culture. They even began to reject their earlier concept and began to hold that they were superior to other nations.
As a result, they started to take a scornful attitude towards the peoples around the world. When Europeans came to China for commercial trade, the arrogant emperor, not cheated them friendly, but refused them because he believed that the Europeans were inferior races who had no right to enjoy equal treatment as the Chinese.
He didn't want to take the trouble to understand them, let alone to mingle with them. As a result, the Manchurians lost the precious opportunity to understand the outside world and make China become a member of the modern countries' club.
On the international stage, the Manchurian rulers were very short-sighted in such handle way. In the end, their arrogance and conceitedness contributed to the downfall of their dynasty and brought about disasters to China.
In short, an individual's success depends on his concept, and it is true with a nation, too.
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