How to Get Rid of Sunstroke While Traveling2016-07-22 14:49:58Share:
Sunstroke is a serious condition and should not be taken lightly. Sometimes called heat stroke, sunstroke happens if the body is exposed to hot temperatures for prolonged periods of time, causing one's temperature to rise to 105 degrees Fahrenheit or higher.So how to Get Rid of Sunstroke While Traveling?
If you are suffering from heatstroke when traveling alone or are assisting someone else, there are basic steps you can take. Your first goal is to lower the body's temperature slowly. If you can successfully do this early enough, your body will naturally recover.
If you suffer from a heatstroke long enough, there are serious repercussions. If at all possible, get medical attention promptly.
Helping Someone with Sunstroke
Call emergency services. Depending on the symptoms and the person, you may wish to call your primary care physician or 120. Pay close attention to symptoms. Prolonged heat stroke damages the brain, causing anxiety, confusion, seizures, headache, dizziness, lightheadedness, hallucinations, coordination problems, unconsciousness, and restlessness.
Sunstroke can also affect the heart, kidneys, and muscles. It’s better to be safe than sorry. Call emergency services if you observe any of the following symptoms:
Signs of shock (ex. bluish lips and fingernails, confusion)
Loss of consciousness
A temperature over 102F (38.9C)
Rapid breathing and/or pulse
Weak heartbeat, lethargy, nausea, vomiting, and dark urine
Seizures. If the person is having seizures, clear the area for the patient’s safety. If you can, place a pillow under his head so it does not bang on the ground during the convulsions.
If milder symptoms persist for an extended time (longer than an hour), make the call.
Our first instinct is to take medicine when we don't feel good. If you are suffering from sunstroke, certain medications will only make the situation worse. Don’t use medications for fever like aspirin or acetaminophen.
These can be harmful during a heatstroke because they may increase bleeding, which can be a very serious issue with blistered sunburns. Medications for a fever work well on someone with an infection, not on someone with heat stroke.
Don’t give the person anything by mouth if he is vomiting or unconscious. Anything that enters the person’s mouth could become a choking hazard.
Cool the person down. While you wait for emergency services, get the person to a shady, cool (preferably air-conditioned) area. Get the person into a cool bath, shower, stream, or pond if possible. Avoid very cold temperatures. The same goes for using ice, which may also mask the signs of a slow heartbeat and cardiac arrest.
Do not do this if the person is unconscious. You can put a cool, wet rag on the back of the neck, on the groin, and/or under the armpits. If you can, mist and fan the person to promote evaporative cooling.
Either mist the person with cool water or place a wet sheet over their body before fanning them; this will cause evaporative cooling, which is faster than simply wetting the person.
Help the person remove any extra clothing (hat, shoes, socks) to aid in the cooling process.
Do not rub the person’s body with alcohol. This is an old wives' tale. Alcohol cools the body too quickly, which can result in a dangerous temperature fluctuation. Rub the person’s body with cool water, never alcohol.
Replenish fluids and electrolytes. Have the person sip either Gatorade or salty water (1tsp salt per qt water) to counteract both dehydration and the loss of salts through sweating. Don’t allow him to drink quickly, which can induce shock. If you don't have any salt or Gatorade, plain water will help also.
Alternatively, you can administer salt tablets. Doing so can help balance electrolytes. Follow the instructions on the bottle.
Have the person stay calm. When the patient stays calm, the patient can help. Minimize agitation by breathing deeply. Focus on other things besides your sunstroke. Anxiety will only make your blood pump faster, raising your temperature a little more. Read How to Calm Yourself during an Anxiety Attack for more pointers.
Massage the person's muscles. Massage gently. Your goal is to increase the circulation in the muscles. Muscle cramps are one of the early symptoms of sunstroke. Usually the calf areas are most affected.
Lay the person down. One of the most prominent effects of sunstroke is fainting. Protect against fainting by laying the person down.
If the person does faint, turn him onto his left side with his left leg bent for stabilization. This position is called the recovery position. Check the person's mouth for vomit, so they do not choke. The left side is the best side for blood flow because our hearts are on that side.
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