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All Flowers Blossom: Past & Present of Haidian Universities

2016-08-25 13:55:02Share:

  The rise of universities and Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park is closely associated with the Imperial Gardens, the inherited historical and cultural resources of Haidian District. Haidian’s large swathes of imperial gardens and breathtaking landscapes attracted a number of educators who chose to establish universities here. Thus Haidian developed into the most concentrated higher education and development center in the country.

HAIDIAN DISTRICT BEIJING TSINGHUA

 

  Educators attracted by reputation

 

  Beijing’s western garden areas boast a deep cultural and educational heritage, achieving unprecedented success.

 

  In the Qing Dynasty, the government built treasuries including the Wenyuan Pavilion and Chunhua Pavilion to store books and artifacts, established an observatory and theaters and organized cultural elites to compile classic books such as the Imperial Encyclopedia.

 

  Scholars, writers and artists resided here and created an array of classic academic and literary works including The Dream of the Red Chamber by Cao Xueqin, the Drinking Water Poem by Nalan Xingde and the Tianyou Pavilion Collection by Gu Taiqing.

 

  Haidian’s deep cultural roots and extremely beautiful landscape attracted educators who chose to establish universities here. Haidian developed into the country’s most concentrated center of higher education and development.

 

  In the last years of the Qing Dynasty and Republican China, a few well-known universities moved into the imperial gardens. During the last emperor’s reign, a preparatory school for studying in the US was established on the former site of Qinghua and Jinchun gardens. It was renamed Tsinghua School in 1911 and Tsinghua University in 1928. Tsinghua is now known as a top university specializing in engineering and science as well as humanities, social sciences and economic management.

beijing haidian district

 

  In 1920, Peking Agriculture Specialized School, the predecessor of Peking Agricultural Institute, was established at Yuyuantan Lake and soon expanded into the former site of the Diaoyutai Palace. In 1927, Yanjing University moved to the former site of Shao Garden and Shuchun Garden in Haidian. This became the location of Peking University following an adjustment in departments after 1949. The campus expanded to include areas that used to be Mingque, Langrun, Jingchun, Sudaren, Weixiu, Chengze and Changchun gardens. Peking University became another top university with majors in natural sciences, humanities, social sciences, languages, management and education.

 

  In 1920, the China-French University and Xishan High School were established at Biyun Temple, and in 1949, the Chinese Communist Party’s Marxism-Lenin Institute temporarily moved to the temple. In 1942, the then-construction administration built a civil engineering school on the site of the former Zide Garden which became Tsinghua University after the defeat of Japan.

 

  After 1949, the Marxism-Lenin Institute moved here as well and was later renamed the Party School of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. Zide Garden became the Party School’s postgraduate school after the Party School moved to its new site.

 

  In short, as a number of higher education institutes were established in imperial gardens, dozens more universities followed suit using the favorable geographic location and social historic features. Haidian became a polestar for top Chinese universities.

 

  After university entrance exams resumed, work normalized at higher education institutes in Haidian. The Beijing Institute of Light Industry, Beijing Institute of Agricultural Mechanism, Beijing Forestry Institute returned to their former sites. Beijing Language and Culture University settled in its new site in Haidian. With all these changes, higher education in Haidian accelerated into a first-rate higher education area and today faces new challenges from deepening political, economic and technological reforms.

 

  Haidian’s deep cultural roots and extremely beautiful landscape attracted educators who chose to establish universities here. Haidian developed into the country’s most concentrated center of higher education and development.

The Imperial Gardens