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Imprial Gardens Tour: Historical Relics in Haidian District

2016-08-26 16:21:00Share:

  The imperial gardens as well as a number of private residences and gardens of the aristocrats, and temples in Haidian represent the essence of classic gardens in Beijing. They are a symbol of civilization, and are filled with glamorous architecture and everlasting legends.

 

  Summer Palace

 

  The Summer Palace, a World Heritage Site, is a well preserved imperial garden that features rich landscape and a concentration of architecture.

summer palace beijing

 

  Tower of Buddhist Incense

 

  Built on a 20-meter-high stone base, Tower of Buddhist Incense forms the focal point for the buildings in Summer Palace. The tower is 41 meters high with three stories and supported by eight ironwood pillars and it has a very complicated structure.

THE SUMMER PALACE

 

  Jade Belt Bridge

 

  Jade Belt Bridge is the only single high arch stone bridge on the western shore of Kunming Lake. It was erected during the reign of Emperor Qianlong. The ornate bridge railings are decorated with carvings of cranes and other animals.

THE SUMMER PALACE

 

  Marble Boat

 

  The Marble Boat is the only Western style architecture in the Summer Palace. The 36-meter-long boat is completely carved from

 

  marble. In 1860, the pavilion was destroyed by Anglo-French Allied Forces. It was restored in 1893 on order of Empress Dowager Cixi.

THE SUMMER PALACE

 

  17-Arch Bridge

 

  Connecting the eastern shore of Kunming Lake and Nanhu Island in the west, the 17-Arch Bridge was first built during the reign of Emperor Qianlong. With a length of 150 meters and a width of 8 meters, it is the largest bridge in the Summer Palace.

THE SUMMER PALACE

 

  Deheyuan Grand Theater

 

  Deheyuan Grand Theater is a three-storied structure where performances could be staged simultaneously on three levels. There is a well and five ponds built under the stage for a good effect of water scenes and resonance.

THE SUMMER PALACE

 

  Old Summer Palace

 

  The Old Summer Palace consisting of Yuanming Garden, Changchun Garden and Qichun Garden was completed in over 150 years. The garden once boasted its magnificent scale, outstanding garden art, exquisite architecture, 24 rich collection and profound culture and was known as “garden of gardens”. However, only Sea of Happiness and Qichun Garden remain after restoration today.

THE OLD SUMMER PALACE

 

  Zhengjue Temple

 

  Zhengjue Temple within Qichun Garden is a royal Buddhist temple attached to the Old Summer Place. It was completed in 1773 during Emperor Qianlong’s reign in the Qing Dynasty.

ZHENJUESI

 

  Dashuifa Site

 

  Built around 1759, Dashuifa was a group of elaborate fountains and the largest fountain group in Xiyang Lou (Western Mansions) scenic area. When all the fountains were on, the sound of the water could be heard by people a few kilometers away. Today only the stone niche and three pools remain there.

大水法

 

  Labyrinth

 

  The Labyrinth was to the north of Xieqiqu waterworks and it was a European style mazelike garden. It used to be the place where the emperor held parties on Mid-Autumn nights.

THE OLD SUMMER PALACE

 

  Jingyi Garden on Fragrant Hills

 

  Fragrant Hills Park is an imperial garden that features mountain and forest scenery. It boasts a number of cultural relics.

the fragrant hills park

 

  Qinzheng Dian

 

  Qinzheng Dian (Hall of Diligence in State Affairs) is within the east gate of the park. It was the place where the emperor handled state affairs and met the ministers and officials. The original hall was burnt by the Anglo-French Allied Forces in 1860 and what people see today was rebuilt on its former site in 2002.

勤政殿 内景

 

  Shuangqing Villa

 

  Shuangqing Villa gained its name for the two springs in the courtyard. Chairman Mao lived in this villa in March 1949. Today the villa has two exhibition rooms showing the life of Mao living here.

shaungqing villa

 

  Biyun Temple

 

  Biyun Temple was first built in 1331 in the Yuan Dynasty and it was extended in 1514 and 1623 in the Ming Dynasty. In 1748, Emperor Qianlong further enlarged the temple.

碧云寺

 

  Zhao Temple

 

  Zhao Temple is a large Tibetan style lamasery complex built in 1780 as the residence for the sixth Panchen Lama during his visits to Emperor Qianlong. Buildings in the complex are full of Tibetan characteristics.

昭庙