Haidian District: Technology Tour2016-08-31 15:52:19Share:
Haidian District has comprehensive science, education and tourism resources. Its advanced science and education attract talent to top institutions like the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Peking and Tsinghua universities. As a center of education, culture and science innovation, Haidian is the birthplace of the Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park.
Science and education-themed tourism packages include visiting the academy as well as strolling through different universities and the high-tech zone.
Swallow Garden at century-old university
Meeting the early 20th century call for reform, the Imperial University of Peking was established with a historic responsibility to modernize China. In the following years, the Imperial University, later Peking University, shouldered that responsibility. The soul of Peking University for more than a century has been education, experimentation, research and renovation. Strolling about campus today is a chance to detect echoes of that historic call to the Chinese soul.
The beautiful campus of Peking University is based on Swallow Garden, the former campus of Yenching University. Centering on Shao Yuan (the Spoon Garden), that campus was built atop a Ming Dynasty garden with a very neat layout. Making full use of the former garden’s geometrical design, the university adopted high-quality pseudo-classical architecture. Such a design has no match among China’s many institutions of higher learning.
As early as the Ming Dynasty, the painter Mi Wanzhong hired people to build Shao Yuan, a large garden with hills and a river. As water is key for gardens, the seven-hectare Shao Yuan boasted rippling water courses and winding paths. The garden was listed as the “king of gardens” alongside Qinhu.
In the north of Weiming Lake, Langrun Garden, formerly Prince Gong’s garden, is still well-preserved today. This garden is well-known for its water view with a smattering of courtyards, streams and stone bridges clustered on a small island. In recent years, the main buildings have been repaired step by step and have begun to exude a new grandeur.
The Shaoyuan Building on campus is a modern nod to that great old garden.
Due to its location between Changchun Garden and the old Summer Palace, the gardens were built here by imperial families and their relatives during the Ming and Qing dynasties. Weiming Lake is the former site of Shuchun Garden, which once belonged to the notorious Qing Dynasty prime minister He Shen. After the garden was given to him, He ordered massive renovations. The paddy field was dug up into a number of connected lakes and the dirt piled up into islands in the middle of those lakes and artificial hills dumped around the lakes. Weiming Lake is the largest preserved lake in Shuchun Garden. The marble boat by the center island in the lake is the only thing left from Shuchun.
In the north of Weiming Lake, Langrun Garden, formerly Prince Gong’s garden, is still well-preserved today. This garden is well-known for its water view to the old Summer Palace.
The view is not grand. It is simple and elegant, with bridges, lakes, buildings, yards, artificial hills and towering pines. The small pavilion in Minghe Garden was renamed Xiaojing Pavilion. Few know its original name, Yiran Pavilion. There are two more Qing Dynasty gardens, Weixiu and Chengze, across the road in the west of campus. With meandering ponds, long hills, elegant architecture and flexible land usage, they are excellent representative examples of a North China garden.
Striving for glory
“Vast West Hills, vast East Sea, our school sits in the mighty center. West and east meet to glorify our motherland. Students come from afar with the spring wind and rain, needing to be strong, healthy and self-reliant.” When walking across the vast campus of Tsinghua University, the lyrics of its old school song might help a visitor understand this century-old university’s historic, higher purpose.
Qinghua Garden’s predecessor Xichun Garden was built in the middle of the Qing Dynasty as part of the five gardens of the Summer Palace that included the Summer Palace garden itself. Traces can still be found on campus. Atop the main gate of Gongzi Hall, formerly the main building of Qinghua Garden, hangs a horizontal board inscribed in gold that reads
Its predecessor Tsinghua School was built in 1911 as a US preparatory school, funded in part by reparations for the Boxer Rebellion paid by China to the US. Although influenced by western culture in the early stages, its educators of all generations attached enormous importance to Chinese culture, holding the view that people should draw lessons from east and west, history and today. This approach is embodied in the university architecture of five styles: classical Chinese, European, Russian, modern and post-modern.
“Qinghua Garden”, written by Emperor Xianfeng. A short corridor connects two halls. Corridors wind along beside unusual flowers and stones. Shui Mu Qing Hua (Land of Woods) behind Gongzi Hall has long enjoyed a special reputation, and has been called a “garden inside a garden”. Forested hills that change with the four seasons surround a graceful lake. Look south over the lake through the trees to a small, elegant pavilion. On the pavilion’s red pillars hang famous couplets in praise of the scenery.
Even without their magnificent carvings, the columns would still be grand and solemn. Firm, honest and resilient, they represent the ideal character of Tsinghua teachers and students. The science museum, library, gymnasium and new teaching block south of the main building all combine classical and modern features, well worth visiting as a Beijing attraction.
Statues of famous Tsinghua alumni Zhu Ziqing and Wen Yiduo are placed lakeside. The stream east of the lake connects with the Wanquan River that runs across campus. In the reflection of a waterfall that runs into the west of the lake are images of the Western Hills.
In the center of campus is a large auditorium, a building featuring Roman and Greek architecture. At the entrance is a dome-shaped bronze gate involving four white 66-meter-tall marble columns. The columns are so thick that two people cannot get their arms around them. Even without their magnificent carvings, the columns would still be grand and solemn. Firm, honest and resilient, they represent the ideal character of Tsinghua teachers and students. The science museum, library, gymnasium and new teaching block south of the main building all combine classical and modern features, well worth visiting as a Beijing attraction.
From the single electronic street of yesterday to multiple high-tech science parks today, Zhongguancun has always attracted all types of high-tech companies. Many leading IT companies have set up shop in Zhongguancun, a leading science and education tourism attraction.
Aigo Digital Technology
Aigo set up headquarters in Beijing in 1993. Today Aigo has 17 nationwide organizations, five overseas branches and many domestic branches, subsidiary companies and research centers. Entering Aigo in Zhongguancun is to experience the charms of high-technology, to know better its development, see its products warehouse, acquire knowledge about media players and digital cameras and enjoy visual and audio high-tech digital products at the digital experience museum.
Over the last 30 years, the personal computer has revolutionized the planet, transforming people’s work and lifestyles while accelerating productivity and efficiency. Lenovo has played a key role in that revolution. Walking into Lenovo’s Beijing headquarters in Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park today, the first thing visible is the magnificent intelligent building which functions as office, research, production and storage, offering a whole new audio and visual feeling. Get to know the strict procedures of a high-tech company at its production base, understand Lenovo’s branding and products at the intelligent stereoscopic warehouse, experience future e-home family model, imagine the future internet and see a fully applied internet in offices.
Hanvon human-computer interaction
Know the power of high technology after experiencing Hanvon’s human-computer interaction.
With government backing, Hanvon was established in 1998 to lead research, development, application and promotion of intelligent human-computer interaction technology and products. Hanvon not only offered solutions to Chinese input, but also ensured that China joined and participated in the world information revolution. The two pieces of core technology owned by Hanvon – handwriting and optical character recognition – lead the world. The handwriting input technology is internationally advanced. The landmark building in Zhongguancun Software Park, Hanvon Technology Mansion is unconventional and eye-catching, combining classical and modern features.
Hanvon not only offered solutions to Chinese input, but also ensured that China joined and participated in the world information revolution. The two pieces of core technology owned by Hanvon – handwriting and optical character recognition – lead the world.
Yonyou information processing
A high-tech company based in Zhongguancun, Yonyou Software has become the largest local management software company through 20 years’ rapid development. To adapt to the company’s expanding needs and coordinate that development, Yonyou has set up the Yonyou Software Park in Zhongguancun Yongfeng High and New Technology Industrial Base. The software park includes a customer experience center, employee life experience center, industrial development boulevard, call center and data center.
Magical museum tour
To a certain point of view, the museum is an ideal starting point to know the past and present of a place. Haidian has many museums of varied themes that showcase a broad and deep culture. Through these museums, we communicate with history across time and space and learn about our changing world.
Beijing Big Bell Temple Museum
Originally known as Juesheng Temple, Da Zhong, or Big Bell, Temple, a Buddhist temple on Beisanhuan Lu, was built in 1733 during the reign of Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) Emperor Yongzheng. The temple was named after the Yongle Bell that was moved to the temple during the reign of Emperor Qianlong. The bell was listed as a Beijing cultural relic in 1975. Facing south, the temple has a gate, drum and bell tower, the hall of the heavenly king, Mahavira Hall, a Buddhist sutra library and the main building of the bell tower itself. The tower is round on top and square at the bottom, representing the traditional Chinese concept of an orbicular sky and a rectangular earth. The 46.5 ton, 6.75-meter-tall bell was cast during the reign of Ming Dynasty Emperor Yongle (1403-1424). A total 230,000 words are inscribed both inside and outside it, the largest number of inscribed words on a bell in the world and thus listed as an item of importance to the national heritage.
Beijing Art Museum
Beijing Art Museum is located in the Temple of Longevity with five special exhibit areas covering the Temple of Longevity history, Buddhist art, Ming and Qing porcelain, artifacts and paintings.
Beijing Stone Carving Art Museum
The Museum of Beijing Stone Inscription Art is located in the grounds of the Five-Pagoda Temple, 24 Wudasi village in Haidian district. The Five-Pagoda Temple, formally Zhengjue Temple, was built in the reign of Emperor Yongle (1403-1424), and destroyed at the end of the Qing Dynasty.
Arranged on all four sides of the pagoda, the museum is divided into eight sections, divided by content and function, with more than 500 displayed objects and about 500 stone inscriptions and carvings. They include the inscribed tombstone epitaph of a Han Dynasty gentleman surnamed Qin and stone steles that are the oldest preserved stone carvings in Beijing, precious Northern Dynasty statues, Tang, Ming and Qing dynasty steles and calligraphy. A display showcases the history and development of stone carvings from primitive society to the Qing Dynasty.
Military Museum of China
With grounds of more than 80,000 square meters, this grand and magnificent museum is 94.7 meters tall. China’s only comprehensive military museum has a wide range of exhibits displayed in varied ways, demonstrating China’s 5,000 years of military history and culture, the history of the People’s Liberation Army and new milestones in military defense. Other than that, it carries out themed exhibitions about military defense, technology, culture and art.
Longhui Wine Museum
Located above a century-old cellar, the museum is the only themed museum on the culture and history of Beijing wine. As one of the industrial tourism demonstration spots and a Class 3A tourist attraction, the museum teaches visitors the wine-making process. They can also help make wine.
Wang Zhihe Fermented Tofu Museum
The Wang Zhihe brand was established in the eighth year of the reign of Emperor Kangxi (1669), 345 years ago. After moving a few times, the business was restructured in 2009 based on the Beijing Er Shang Group’s arrangements, and renamed “Beijing Er Shang Wang Zhihe Food Company”. A subsidiary exhibition promotes public understanding of fermented tofu. This is well worth visiting as visitors can see the production process for traditional fermented tofu and explore the secrets of fermentation. They can also try boiling the slurry, coagulating and straining the tofu by hand.
The museum collects, researches and displays antiques. The “Dialogue between Heart and History”
antique exhibition depicts stories of Haidian’s historic development by displaying actual objects. From stones through ceramics to porcelain, all tell the visitor of Haidian’s unique journey. The elite exhibition showcases precious antiques including a blue and white Ming Dynasty vase from the reign of Emperor Chenghua (1465-1487) based on the theme of visiting a friend. The glaze colors are bright and elegant and the patterns are exquisite. As similar antiques are few, the vase is precious and was taken to display abroad a few years ago.
Imperial Cuisine Museum of China
This 1,500-square meter museum has two floors for visitors to experience the development process of imperial cuisine. The exhibition hall displays 5,000 years of changing food, introduces well-known cuisines and chefs from history, and explains the route to good health. Texts, images, antiques and specimens are illuminated by modern audio, light and high-tech three-dimensional methods. Tourists can know better the long, deep and colorful history of imperial cuisine and probe the secrets of longevity in imperial families.
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