How A Chinese Calligraphy Brush Pen is Produced2016-12-19 10:15:01Share:
The "scholar's four jewels" – writing brush, ink stick, ink slab and paper – are traditional writing tools in Chinese culture and writing brush is at the top.
Wengang town in Jinxian county, Nanchang city of Jiangxi province, is regarded as the "ancient capital of Chinese writing brush" and "hometown of Chinese writing brush". It is also the hometown of Yan Shu, who is the prime minister and a poet in Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127).
Chun An Tang, a local workshop for making writing brush, showed us the whole process, which includes selecting materials, grooming, degreasing, rolling hair, removing messy hair, combing, rolling the core, tying the head and mending the pen.
A staff member at the workshop selects hair for making brush. Li Xiaoping, the founder of the workshop, says that the hair for making brush is divided into different categories according to gender, age, season, length, thickness, curvature, strength and other factors. The quality of the selected hair will directly affect the character of the writing brush. [Photo/Chinanews.com]
The traditional way of making brush is very complicated, and the making of high-quality brush all depends on manual work, which can't be replicated by a machine.
The Wengang town has been making brush for 1,600 years, and the technique has been listed as an intangible cultural heritage of Jiangxi province.
A staff grooms the hair for making brush. The traditional materials for making brush are hare hair, tail hair of yellow weasel and goat hair. [Photo/Chinanews.com]
A staff member removes the grease on animal fur, which is done by soaking the fur into alkaline matter composed of plant ash, whitewash and mud. [Photo/Chinanews.com]
A staff member cuts hair into the same length for making brush. [Photo/Chinanews.com]
A staff member combs hair several times until it is evenly aligned to make writing brush. [Photo/Chinanews.com]
After combing, a staff member rolls the hair into a cylinder. [Photo/Chinanews.com]
Before the brush head is installed into the penholder, the pen root needs to be tied up to avoid the pen head becoming loose. [Photo/Chinanews.com]
A staff member applies a special kind of liquid, which is made by simmering seaweed and water, on the pen head to make the pen head smooth and durable. After the pen head dries and the pen is put in bamboo set, the process is complete. [Photo/Chinanews.com]
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